Jensen, P.H., Webster, E. and Witt, J. (2009). “Hospital type and patient outcomes: An empirical examination using AMI re-admission and mortality records”, Health Economics 18(12), 1440-60.
This paper investigates whether there are differences in patient outcomes across different types of hospitals using patient-level data on readmission and mortality associated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Hospitals are grouped according to their ownership type (private, public teaching, public non-teaching) and their location (metropolitan, country and remote country). Using data collected from 130 Victorian hospitals on 19,000 patients admitted to a hospital with their first AMI between January 2001 and December 2003, we consider how the likelihood of unplanned re-admission and mortality varies across hospital type. We find that there are significant differences across hospital types in the observed patient outcomes – private hospitals persistently outperform public hospitals.